Purpose of Review
This review analyzes recent studies evaluating the diagnostic and therapeutic impacts of systematic extracardiac imaging techniques in patients with suspected or proven infective endocarditis.
Extracardiac imaging techniques are more and more frequently used to establish infective endocarditis (IE) diagnosis in doubtful situations. They also help in evaluating the risk-benefit balance of therapeutic strategies and particularly valvular surgery which is performed in approximately 50% of patients. Latest research underlines the high frequency of asymptomatic lesions found, and a different advantage-disadvantage profile for each of these techniques.
Extracardiac imaging techniques are helpful in doubtful situations and may be considered in other situations. Their interest for improving patients’ prognosis remains to be established.