Preparation, characterization and thermal risk evaluation of dihydroxylammonium 5, 5′-bistetrazole-1, 1′-diolate based polymer bonded explosive

Publication date: 15 September 2017
Source:Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 338
Author(s): Hu Niu, Shusen Chen, Qinghai Shu, Lijie Li, Shaohua Jin
Dihydroxylammonium 5,5′- bistetrazole-1,1′-diolate (TKX-50) was used to prepare TKX-50-based polymer bonded explosive (PBX) for the first time in this study. The thermal stabilities and the kinetic parameters of TKX-50 and TKX-50-based PBX were compared via Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermal Gravity-Differential Thermal Gravity (TG-DTG) and Accelerating Rate Calorimeter (ARC). Furthermore, in order to know about their thermal safeties comprehensively, an advanced thermal analysis program based on Friedman method was employed to calculate the thermal safety parameters for TKX-50 and its PBX. With its help, two important safety parameters (time to maximum rate under adiabatic conditions (TMRad) and self-accelerating decomposition temperature (SADT)) for the two energetic materials were calculated and discussed. Finally, based on the safety parameters, effects of storage conditions and ambient temperatures on the thermal explosions of TKX-50 and TKX-50-based PBX were further studied by using finite element analysis (FEA).

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