There have been no reports of occult medulloblastoma nor noncommunicating hydrocephalus due to radiologically occult brain tumors. Herein, we report radiologically occult medulloblastoma with noncommunicating hydrocephalus.
A 3-year-old boy presented with macrocephaly, visual field constriction, and papilledema. Neuroimagings showed enlargement of the ventricles without any mass lesions. The CT cisternography did not show influx of the contrast into the ventricles, which suggested local cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulatory disturbance at the outlet of the fourth ventricle. Due to possible obstructive nature of hydrocephalus, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) was performed. Three months after the ETV, he presented with repeated vomiting. Neuroimagings showed a 3-cm fourth ventricular mass with progressive hydrocephalus. Surgical resection was performed, which revealed the pathology was medulloblastoma.
We report the case of radiologically occult medulloblastoma which was demonstrated radiologically in the follow-up period of ETV for noncommunicating hydrocephalus of uncertain etiology. This is the first description of a radiologically occult medulloblastoma and also the first description of an occult brain tumor with noncommunicating hydrocephalus. The occult brain tumor may be included in the etiology of hydrocephalus.